Cuban Revolution 1959: Cuba A World Verdict – Produced by National Archives and Records Administration
Cuban Revolution 1959: Cuba A World Verdict is a 27-minute film about the early years of Castro’s totalitarian regime. The film has interesting actual footage of the early years of the dictatorship and documents public response around the world during the early years of his government. The Cuban Revolution 1959 film demonstrates how Castro deceived, betrayed, and brutalized the people of Cuba. Moreover, many people around the world have also been deceived, and some continue to be deceived, by Castro’s masterful deceptions.
Cuban Revolution 1959 Film Highlights:
Havana, January 1959, there is tremendous support for Castro, as he had conquered dictator Bautista. Castro took to the public square in Havana to tell the Cuban people the following:
1. There would soon be free general elections in Cuba.
2. There would be free press.
3. There would be land for the peasants.
4. Human rights would be respected and enforced.
What followed was not what Castro promised. The reality that followed was that free general elections were not held, there was no free press, peasants were not given land, and human rights were violently and routinely violated.
At the beginning, Castro denied being a communist. Yet, two years later, he stated that he was in fact a communist.
Shortly after Castro took power, political orientation would be carried out under the order of Che Guevara, Castro’s Argentine close associate, who was a follower of Marx.
People who opposed communism and stated so, or people who expressed an opinion different than Castro’s were persecuted, imprisoned, or killed. Examples include Humberto Mato, who was a close associate of Castro. Mato, merely wrote Castro a letter stating his disagreement with communism. Mato was subsequently imprisoned for 20 years, simply for stating his opinion that opposed that of Castro’s.
A liberal judge who expressed a similar opinion, was accused of treason and placed under virtual house arrest.
Thousands of political adversaries were murdered by the Castro regime.
By early 1960, U.S.-Cuba relations were deteriorating. Soon diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Cuba were severed. Cuba aligned itself with Russia and the Eastern Block. It signed economic trade agreements with Russia, and $100 million of credit was extended to Castro’s regime. Russia also supplied Cuba with weapons.
Some Cubans began to realize Castro’s true intentions, and realized they had been deceived and betrayed by him. To make sure that unrest would not be widespread, Castro rapidly formed brigades. Text books in schools were substituted with Marxist text books. Children were encouraged to inform against their parents. Anyone who criticized or protested was considered a counter revolutionary and could be sent to “the wall”, which meant murdered.
Land was not given to peasants, but instead seized by the government. Over $300 million in land and property were expropriated without compensation. The regime nationalized enterprises. Trade unions no longer had autonomy. The middle class that had raised Castro to power were now deceived and betrayed by him.
By 1962, Cuba’s economy was in serious trouble, with food shortages and food rations. Soon, tens of thousands of Cubans left the island in search of political freedom. They became known as refugees.
October Missile Crisis: In October 1962, the U.S. Government discovered Soviet missiles in Cuba. Aerial reconnaissance revealed their location and that the missiles were armed with one megaton warheads, capable of reaching and destroying Washington or Lima Peru. President Kennedy insisted on the immediate dismantling and withdrawal of the missiles. He also placed a quarantine on Cuba, and continued surveillance of the military buildup.
The Organization of American States swiftly and unanimously approved Kennedy’s resolution. Some nations also offered active military assistance. One week later, without consulting with Castro, Khrushchev issued an order to return all weapons to Russia. Nuclear war was averted.
A Cantones refugee from communist China accurately described the situation in Cuba shortly after Castro gained power as follows: “For the purpose of seizing power, the communist revolutionaries find it to their advantage to be on the side of the people at the beginning, but once victory is secured, they do not hesitate to turn their guns on the people.”
Cuban Revolution 1959 Post Film Commentary
No words accurately describe the horrors and suffering the Castro brothers have perpetrated on the people of Cuba since January 1959. The injustices, repression of human rights, tortures, and murders the Castro regime has committed for the past 56 years, are innumerable.
Despite the Castro brothers’ propaganda machine, stating to the world that they represents justice and equality for all, their regime is a totalitarian, brutal regime that controls Cuba by brute force, using espionage and regime police. This is fact, as evidenced by history, and by the millions of Cubans who have lived the horrors of Castro’s macabre dictatorship.
It is important to be abundantly clear, Cubans are beaten, imprisoned, and murdered, for simply speaking the truth about Castro’s regime and/or disagreeing, or being suspected of disagreeing, with the brutal injustices and crimes the Castro regime routinely inflicts on the people of Cuba.
Moreover, people in Cuba are subjected to food rations that are grossly insufficient. They are also subjected to extreme consumer good shortages. Consumer goods such as toilet paper, deodorant, clothing, etc., are a challenge to buy. Additionally, the non-tourist-related infrastructure of Cuba, the buildings where many Cubans live are collapsing; plumbing is grossly deteriorating; water and electricity are severely rationed.
Instead of bringing democracy to Cuba, as Castro promised in 1959, the Castro regime implemented a dictatorship that has denied and continues to deny the Cuban people freedom, human rights, and opportunities.
May the people of Cuba and elsewhere, where human rights are repressed, breath freedom soon.
Additional Information About Cuba
Life In Cuba Today, by V. Santamaria
The Escape – Cubans Escaping From Cuba, by V. Santamaria
Operation Pedro Pan, by V. Santamaria
Is Castro Cuban-Americans’ Hitler?”, by Charles Garcia, CNN
Castro’s Medical Mercenaries, by Susan Kitchens, Forbes
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